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By teaching your children fire safety you can make sure they know what to do when a house fire occurs. Making sure that your children know exactly what is required of them cuts down on the chaos of the emergency situation and helps keep your family safe and secure.

All children should know about important fire safety procedures such as the need to stay low to the ground in a smoky room and the need to stop, drop, and roll if their clothes should catch fire. Staying low to the ground keeps you from inhaling smoke, as smoke always rises towards the ceiling. Smoke inhalation can lead to unconsciousness, and is a big component of deaths caused by house fires. Tell your family members that they can put a damp rag or a piece of clothing over their faces and breathe in through it in order to cut down on the effects of smoke inhalation even more. However, you generally shouldn't waste time finding a damp rag in an emergency; it's also dangerous to use a faucet to wet a damp rag depending on the severity of the fire, as if the water pipes in your home are exposed to high temperatures the water traveling through them may be converted to steam which will blast out of the faucet and cause burns.

Make sure your children know how to correctly stop, drop, and roll and feel confident in the fact that it works. It smothers the fire and deprives it of oxygen, which puts out the flames. The usual response to clothing catching on fire is to run around and flail about wildly, which only exposes the fire to more oxygen and feeds the flames. Your children should also know to touch door handles before opening the door to see if they are hot. If they are, it means that there's a fire in the next room, and they should leave the door closed and find another route out of the house.

Make sure your children understand that they should never play with lighters or matches. Fires started by playing with these things are the leading cause of fire-related injuries in children under five years old. Many children are fascinated by lighters and matches and want to experiment with lighting things on fire to see what happens. Hide lighters and matches in your home and keep them out of the reach of your children in order to cut down on the temptation. Make sure all flammable liquids such as gasoline and lighter fluid are securely stored out of the reach of your kids.

Do regular fire drills to practice your evacuation plan so that your family knows what to do in an emergency. Make sure everyone knows all the possible exit points of the house that they can use; a fire in your home will be a chaotic situation, and it's best to make sure all members of your family know your evacuation plan well enough so that it is second nature and they don't have to waste time thinking if a fire starts. Quick, determined response to a fire will save your family members' lives.

Humans come in a rainbow of hues, from dark chocolate browns to nearly translucent whites.

This full kaleidoscope of skin colors was a relatively recent evolutionary development, according to biologists, occuring alongside the migration of modern humans out of Africa between 100,000 and 50,000 years ago QS University Rankings in Asia.

The consensus among scientists has always been that lower levels of vitamin D at higher latitudes  — where the sun is less intense — caused the lightening effect when modern humans, who began darker-skinned, first migrated north.

But other factors might be at work, a new study suggests. From the varying effects of frostbite to the sexual preferences of early men, a host of theories have been reviewed.

Vitamin iDea

Vitamin D plays an important role in bone growth and the body's natural protection against certain diseases, and the inability to absorb enough in areas of less-powerful sunlight would have decreased life expectancies in our African ancestors. The further north they trekked, the more vitamin D they needed and the lighter they got over the generations, due to natural selection.

This explanation accounts for the world's gradients of skin color traveling south to north, the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among African immigrants to higher latitudes, as well as the relatively darker skin of Canada's Inuit peoples, who have good levels of vitamin D despite living in the Arctic, due to their diet rich in oily fish.

Sounds about right ... right?

In fact, there might have been a number of concurrent evolutionary pressures at work that contributed to the development of lighter skin Top 10 restaurants in Hong Kong, according to a new study published in the August issue of the Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology.

“In our opinion the vitamin D hypothesis is one of the most likely hypotheses responsible for skin lightening, although there still is no consensus about it,” said study author Asta Juzeniene of the Oslo University Hospital in Oslo, Norway. 

A number of competing theories were explained and evaluated by Juzeniene and her team, reopening a debate that remains one of the most interesting and controversial in biology.

Paling in comparison

Sexual selection may have played a role, for one, with males preferring paler skin in northern latitudes, the researchers surmised.

“One of the hypotheses is that men seem to prefer women with a light skin color, which can be regarded as a sign of youth and fertility,” Juzeniene told LiveScience. “Because light skin characterizes the early infant stage of primates, it may have become a visual cue that triggers appropriate adult behavior toward infants, i.e. decreased aggressiveness and increased desire to provide care and protection,” she said.

As lighter skin became associated with increased health in northerly latitudes, men may have preferred mates with lighter skin and produced ever-paler generations. Fertility and health statistics at different latitudes from a few thousand years ago aren't available, Juzeniene cautioned, however, so the theory is difficult to test.

Frostbite was another causal effect investigated by the researchers.

Some reports from American soldiers serving in the Korean War and elsewhere have indicated that dark skin is more prone to frostbite than white because it emits more heat. In colder climates, evolution could have negatively selected for paler skin if frostbite was significant enough to perhaps kill darker-skinned children.

Despite the anecdotal evidence, there is not enough scientific data to support frostbite as a strong enough single factor to lighten skin in places such as Europe, the researchers said.

On the farm

Another possibility noted was the switch from subsistence-based economies to agriculture approximately 10,000 years ago, which eliminated vitamin D-rich food sources from the diet. This would have had an especially potent effect in northern Europe, according to Juzeniene and her team.

“Development of agriculture has occurred in several places, and did not necessarily lead to skin lightening if the ambient UVB [ultraviolet light from the sun] level was sufficiently high to allow adequate vitamin D synthesis. Cold climates and high latitudes would speed up the need for skin lightening,” however, if people were relying mainly on grains as a food source, the researchers wrote.

The main problem with this agriculture theory is that the switch from gathering to farming occurred relatively recently, and scientists question whether all of the evolutionary changes associated with skin color could have happened so quickly.

Skin lightening could also have been accelerated by something as simple as genetic drift, making it “easier” for a pale skin mutations to succeed in northern latitudes.

Though other elements may have come into play and need to be examined further, vitamin D remains the most likely explanation, Juzeniene stressed, especially given its role in overall health.

“If we assume that vitamin D does not play any role in the development of human skin color, neither white nor dark, many people in the world would suffer from vitamin D deficiency,” she said.

While people of all skin types have the ability to produce the same amount of vitamin D in their systems, “highly pigmented people will need to stay in the sun around 6 times longer than light people in order to synthesize the same amount of vitamin D,” Juzeniene said, and a lack of the vitamin — something occurring among many American children right now Robolex, partly because they don't get out much — can make humans more susceptible to everything from heart disease to internal cancers.

Get the facts on what men really think about women's beauty, weight and body image.

Very few things are as confusing as the link between what we think is beautiful, our self-image and our sexuality. What each of us perceives as beautiful or sexy is as varied as what you might eat for dinner. The biggest myth about finding love is that there is some perfect set of rules that leads to success. And this is just not true. No one is perfect. Pretty people and plain people alike struggle to find love and no one is immune to fears about ending up alone  nuskin.

Unfortunately, many people they struggle with this and mistakenly believe that a lack of love comes from their appearance--that there is something on the outside that is missing. If they can only "fix" that mystery thing, then love will flock their way.

In today's intensive, we're looking at beauty myths that prevent women from finding love. Take a look and see if any of these mistaken beliefs are at the core of what's keeping you from finding the love of your life.

The top beauty myths that hold us back:

Myth #1: Men only care about women's looks.

It's a greatly mistaken belief that men are all looking to settle down with life-size Barbie dolls and are dissatisfied with anything less. The truth is that most men don't care as much as you might imagine. If a man has a connection with you, your body is one of the elements he's interested in; but there are many others that matter just as much if not more.

If you're struggling with this belief, practice being confident in who you are and showing it through the way you present yourself. The way you dress and how you speak about yourself can show men that you believe yourself to be an attractive woman and that confidence is infectious. According to the website, having a "positive body image is crucial to a woman's happiness and wellness." Stay focused on thinking good thoughts about your body and watch your self-esteem, confidence and overall outlook improve.

Myth #2: To get a man, you have to be perfect.

A second myth is that women think they have to look perfect for a man (ie. be all dolled up, covered in make up, hair done, etc).  Again, not true! Men love women who can show their "water and soap" face. It tells a man that the woman is confident and is not afraid to show who she really is. This is very important when building a relationship as it shows authenticity and openness, which fosters trust and comfort around the opposite sex nuskin.

Myth #3: Men only want skinny women.

A third myth is that women have to be skinny for men to like them. According to, men are not attracted a woman who is too skinny because she has a higher infertility rate and has less of the attributes that men love, like the breasts and the bum. Men love curves.

Myth #4: Men only stay with skinny women.

Another pervasive myth is that to keep a man, you but be uber-fit or else he'll wander.  One of our Experts Pamela Madsen, shared this about her personal journey to self acceptance: "In my book Shameless: How I Ditched the Diet, Got Naked, Found True Pleasure...and Somehow Got Home in Time To Cook Dinner, I learned that it was all about connecting and loving my body just as it was first. Once I was able to do that, sexuality radiated from me like shooting stars. Nothing else changed but my ability to feel sexy in my own body. Once that happened, literally doors were opened and held as I swished my plus-size bottom right through them." If weight were what kept men around, celeb women would never be left or cheated on—and we all know that's not true!

Myth #5: You're not pretty enough to find love.

If you don't think you're pretty, he won't either. It's time to change how you feel about the way you look. Make the most of your assets and he will see you as an asset. Most men will choose a confident woman over a non-confident woman, no matter how great she looks. There are few things more beautiful on a woman than confidence.

Myth #6: Plastic surgery is the only way to get the love you want.

Nothing can hold us back more from finding and keeping love than the belief that if we fix the outside we will make someone love us more. Top board certified plastic and reconstruction surgeon and owner of Rejuva Center and Medi Spa Dr. Bart Rademaker had this to say about plastic surgery, "It always makes me feel so sad when women come in hoping that plastic surgery can fix their relationships or even save a marriage. And I have had women say to me as they have wheeled into the surgi-center, ‘I hope this works, I need to save my marriage.' When I hear that, I know that trouble is just around the bend. Plastic surgery can create more self-confidence, self-esteem and can truly help a woman feel more sexy. That is where the magic lies, in the feeling more sexy! And feeling sexy and more beautiful can absolutely help improve anyone's relationships and sex life! But it can only really help a healthy relationship, Plastic Surgery is not a solution to fixing a relationship that is on the rocks."

Myth #7: 

If you're going out on a date opt for "nice-casual" attire. You don't want to look like you're trying too hard. Furthermore, if your outfit is the focal point of the date, the guy might feel not smitten but intimidated. Men are looking for substance. You can put effort into looking nice for the date, but if you think a guy won't like you because you're wearing the wrong shoes, you might not want to date him anyway. Again, it goes back to confidence. Women who wear it radiate strength, allure and passion. When a woman knows who she is and what she wants out of life, she becomes magnetic. Do Men Prefer Women In Sweats Or Heels?

Wiping these myths away from your thinking takes time—and practice. Undoing mistaken beliefs isn't about beating yourself up for ever having thought them, it's about replacing them with supportive, positive understanding of yourself, your world and what true love really is all about evod pro kit.


Spring upon us, and that means one thing: time to break out the sunscreen! Since UV light is responsible for over 80 percent of the signs of aging, sunscreen is the Holy Grail of anti-aging products. Yet, despite the fact that over $550 million worth of sunscreen is sold in the U.S. alone each year, almost no one seems to know all of the  홍콩맛집 essentials about it. Here are five of the most little-known facts about every dermatologist’s favorite product:


1.) 1 Divided by the SPF = the Percent of Rays that Get Through

Unless a product is labeled as “Broad Spectrum,” SPF numbers only assess short-wavelength UVB protection, not long-wavelength UVA protection. UVB rays contribute most to sunburns and inflammation, so understanding how SPF numbers work is vital.


To figure out the level of protection in a sunscreen, divide 1 by the SPF number. That equals the percentage of rays that sneak past the product. For example, with SPF 25: 1/25 = 4 percent of rays pass through. With SPF 50, 1/50 = 2 percent of rays pass through. You may notice as you get higher, the percentage of benefit decreases—SPF 100 is only one percent more effective than SPF 50, but SPF 50 is 2 percent more effective than SPF 25. For this reason, the European Union does not allow sunscreen manufacturers to post that a sunscreen rating is higher than 50; instead, packaging there can only state a maximum of “50+.” I say go for the highest rating possible, but I do see the benefit of wanting to prevent consumers from being mislead.


2.) Zinc Oxide > Titanium Dioxide

The longer a ray’s wavelength, the more it contributes to aging. UVA rays are longer than UVB rays, so remember that UVA = aging, while UVB = burning. Among the UVA protectors, zinc oxide is the king, as zinc oxide absorbs more UV light than competitor titanium dioxide in the long-wave UVA spectrum.


Despite this, many manufacturers still continue to use titanium oxide in place of zinc oxide, because it is easier to make titanium oxide micronized and hence invisible on the skin. Zinc oxide, unfortunately, tends to leave a white residue on the skin. The best policy? Find a sunscreen with a mix of titanium and zinc oxides, so you’re covered through the entire spectrum - without necessarily looking like it!


3.) Antioxidants Can Boost Sunscreen’s Efficacy

UV rays are damaging for many reasons, with oxidation being at the forefront. UV light can cause electrons to go haywire, inducing damage in many parts of the cell. It is these compounded disruptions that result in many unwanted signs of aging over time.

Luckily, sunscreen’s UV-blocking powers can be enhanced by using antioxidant serums underneath. For instance, a combination of 15% L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and 1% tocopherol (vitamin E) have been shown to boost protection four-fold when applied under sunscreen, in a study published in the American Journal of Dermatology in 2005.


4.) Retinyl Palmitate in Sunscreen Might Not Be Bad for You

According to alarming research from the Environmental Working Group in 2010, skin tumors and lesions developed up to 21 percent faster in mice treated with a 0.1-0.5 percent retinyl palmitate cream. This is certainly disturbing, but other scientists  события индустрии туризма and dermatologists have refuted this finding. Although vitamin A breaks down in sunlight and can potentially form free radicals, most sunscreens with retinyl palmitate include other antioxidants that prevent this from occurring. As Dr. Steven Q. Wang said of the Environmental Working Group study, “It is important to note that the mice included in the [...] study are highly susceptible to the impact of UV radiation and can develop skin tumors in the presence of UV exposure within weeks, even in the absence of retinyl palmitate.” Dermatologist Henry W. Lim adds, “When retinyl palmitate is used in sunscreen, it can serve as an antioxidant to improve product performance.”


5.) “Waterproof,” “Sweatproof,” and “Sunblock” are Terms of the Past

All of these words were eliminated from sunscreen bottles in accordance with the new FDA labeling laws, because they simply never made sense. “Waterproof” is a term that misleads consumers into believing they have more sun protection than they really do.  No sunscreen is waterproof. Now, products can only be labeled as “water-resistant” for either forty or eighty minutes of swimming or sweating.


As for “sunblock,” nothing ever blocks the sun. Rather, a topical cream can be a physical sunscreen, meaning that it scatters or reflects UV radiation, or a chemical sunscreen, which absorbs UV radiation and then dissipates the radiation as either heat or light at wavelengths that do not perturb the skin.  In either case, the key is that these are sunscreens, not sunblocks.


Bottom Line

There’s far more to sunscreen than what is listed on the bottle. It’s unfortunate that more efforts are not directed towards teaching the public what they really need to know to prevent skin cancer and even signs of premature aging, but hopefully  day trip to macau this helps somewhat. If you have questions or comments, please continue the conversation with me at Future Derm.

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